THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN
The following receipts written by DR. J. H. GUNN will be
found of great value, especially in emergencies:
Asthma.—Take hyssop water and poppy water, of
each ten ounces; oxymel of squills, six ounces; syrup of maiden
hair, two ounces. Take one spoonful when you find any
difficulty in breathing.
Ague in the Breast.—Take one part of gum
camphor, two parts yellow bees-wax, three parts clean lard; let
all melt slowly, in any vessel [earthen best], on stove. Use
either cold or warm; spread very thinly on cotton or linen
cloths, covering those with flannel. No matter if the breast is
broken, it will cure if persevered in. Do not, no matter how
painful, cease from drawing milk from the breast that is
Ague, Mixture.—Mix twenty grains quinine with
one pint diluted gin or port wine, and add ten grains
subcarbonate of iron. Dose, a wine-glass each hour until the
ague is broken, and then two or three times a day until the
whole has been used.
2. Take Peruvian bark, two ounces; wild cherry tree bark, 1
ounce; cinnamon, one drachm; powdered capsicum, one
teaspoonful; sulphur, one ounce; port wine, two quarts. Let it
stand a day or two. Dose, a wine-glassful every two or three
hours until the disease is broken, and then two or three times
a day until all is taken.
Sprained Ankle.—Wash the ankle frequently with
cold salt and water, which is far better than warm vinegar or
decoctions of herbs. Keep your foot as cold as possible to
prevent inflammation, and sit with it elevated on a cushion.
Live on very low diet, and take every day some cooling
medicine. By obeying these directions only, a sprained ankle
has been cured in a few days.
Apoplexy.—Occurs only in the corpulent or
obese, and the gross or high livers. To treat, raise the head
to a nearly upright position; unloose all tight clothes,
strings, etc., and apply cold water to the head and warm water
and warm cloths to the feet. Have the apartment cool and well
ventilated. Give nothing by the mouth until the breathing is
relieved, and then only draughts of cold water.
Preparation for the Cure of Baldness.—Rum, one
pint; alcohol, one ounce; distilled water, one ounce, tincture
of cantharides, a half drachm; carbonate of potash, a half
drachm; carbonate of ammonia, one drachm. Mix the liquids after
having dissolved the salts, and filter. After the skin of the
head has been wetted with this preparation for several minutes,
it should be washed with water.
Bilious Colic.—Mix two tablespoonfuls of Indian
meal in half a pint of cold water; drink it at two
Bilious Complaints.—Take the root and branch of
dandelion, and steep it in soft water a sufficient length of
time to extract all the essence; then strain the liquor and
simmer until it becomes quite thick. Dose: From one to three
glasses a day may be taken with good effect.
Blackberry Cordial.—To one quart blackberry
juice add one pound white sugar, one tablespoonful each cloves,
allspice, cinnamon and nutmeg. Boil together fifteen minutes,
and add a wine-glass of whisky, brandy or rum. Bottle while
hot, cork tight and seal. Used in diarrhea and dysentery. Dose,
a wine-glassful for an adult, half that quantity for a child.
It can be taken three or four times a day if the case is
Blisters.—- On the feet, occasioned by walking,
are cured by drawing a needleful of worsted thread through
them; clip it off at both ends and leave it till the skin peals
Raising Blood.—Make a tea of white oak bark,
and drink freely during the day; or take half a pound of yellow
dock root, boil in new milk, say one quart: drink one gill
three times a day, and take one pill of white pine pitch every
How to Stop Blood.—Take the fine dust of tea,
or the scrapings of the inside of tanned leather. Bind it upon
the wound closely, and blood will soon cease to flow.
Boils.—Make a poultice of ginger and flour, and
lay it on the boil. This will soon draw it to a head.
Swelled Bowels in Children.—Bathe the stomach
of the child with catnip steeped, mixed with fresh butter and
Chilblains.—Dr. Fergus recommends sulphurous
acid in this affection. It should be applied with a camel's
hair brush, or by means of a spray producer. One application of
this effects a cure. The acid should be used pure. A good wash
for hands or feet affected with chilblains is sulphurous acid,
three parts; glycerine, one part, and water one part. The acid
will be found particularly useful in the irritating, tormenting
stage of chilblains.
Chilblains and Chapped Hands.—When chilblains
manifest themselves, the best remedy not only for preventing
their ulcerating, but overcoming the tingling, itching pain,
and stimulating the circulation of the part to healthy action,
is the liniment of belladona, two drachms; the liniment of
aconite, one drachm; carbolic acid, ten drops; collodion
flexile, one ounce; painted with a camel's hair pencil over
their surface. When the chilblains vesicate, ulcerate or
slough, it is better to omit the aconite and apply the other
components of the liniment without it. The collodion
forms a coating or protecting
film, which excludes the air, while the sedative liniments
allay the irritation, generally of no trivial nature. For
chapped hands we advise the free use of glycerine and good
oil, in the proportion of two parts of the former to four of
the latter; after this has been well rubbed into the hands
and allowed to remain for a little time, and the hands
subsequently washed with Castile soap and water, we
recommend the belladonna and collodion flexile to be painted
on, and the protective film allowed to remain permanently.
These complaints not unfrequently invade persons of languid
circulation and relaxed habit, who should be put on a
generous regimen, and treated with ferruginous tonics.
Obstinate, cases are occasionally met with which no local
application will remedy, unless some disordered state of the
system is removed, or the general condition of the patient's
health improved. Chapped lips are also benefited by the
stimulating form of application we advocate, but the aconite
must not be allowed to get on the lips, or a disagreeable
Chilblain Balm.—Boil together ten fluid ounces
olive oil, two fluid ounces Venice turpentine, and one ounce
yellow wax; strain, and while still warm add, constantly
stirring, two and a half drachms balsam of Peru and ten grains
Cure for Chilblain.—Make a strong lye by
boiling wood ashes in water. Put your feet in a small tub and
cover them with the lye as hot as you can bear it. Gradually
add more lye, hotter and hotter. Keep them in half an hour,
bathing and rubbing them continually, and being very careful to
keep the lye hot.
Chilblain Lotion.—Dissolve one ounce muriate of
ammonia in one-half pint cider vinegar, and apply frequently.
One-half pint of alcohol may be added to this lotion with good
Chilblain Ointment.—Take mutton tallow and
lard, of each three-fourths of a pound avoirdupois; melt, in an
iron vessel, and add hydrated oxide of iron, two ounces,
stirring continually with an iron spoon until the mass is of a
uniform black color; when nearly cool add Venice turpentine,
two ounces; Armenian bole, one ounce; oil of bergamot, one
drachm; rub up the bole with a little olive oil before putting
it in. Apply several times daily by putting it upon lint or
linen. It heals the worst cases in a few days.
Russian Remedy for Chilblains.—Slices of the
rind of fully ripe cucumbers, dried with the soft parts
attached. Previous to use they are softened by soaking them in
warm water, and are then bound on the sore parts with the inner
side next them, and left on all night. This treatment is said
to be adopted for both broken and unbroken chilblains.
How to Cure Itching Chilblains.—Take
hydrochloric acid, one part, and water, eight parts; mix. Apply
on going to bed. This must not be used if the skin is broken.
Sal ammoniac, two ounces; rum, one pint; camphor, two drachms.
The affected part is wetted night and morning, and when dry is
touched with a little simple ointment of any kind—cold
cream or pomatum.
Oil of turpentine, four ounces; camphor, six drachms; oil of
cajeput, two drachms. Apply with friction.
How to Cure Broken Chilblains.—Mix together
four fluid ounces collodion, one and a half fluid ounces Venice
turpentine, and one fluid ounce castor oil.
How to Cure Corns.—Take equal parts of
mercurial and galbanum ointments; mix them well together,
spread on a piece of soft leather, and apply it to the corns
morning and evening. In a few days benefit will be derived.
Take two ounces of gum ammoniac, two ounces of yellow wax, and
six ounces of verdigris; melt them together, and spread the
composition on soft leather; cut away as much of the corn as
you can, then apply the plaster, and renew it every fortnight
till the corn is away. Get four ounces of white diachylon
plaster, four ounces of shoemaker's wax, and sixty drops of
muriatic acid or spirits of salt. Boil them for a few minutes
in an earthen pipkin, and when cold roll the mass between the
hands, and apply it on a piece of white leather. Soak the feet
well in warm water, then with a sharp instrument pare off as
much of the corn as can be done without pain, and bind up the
part with a piece of linen or muslin thoroughly saturated with
sperm oil, or, which is better, the oil which floats upon the
surface of the herring or mackerel. After three or four days
the dressing may be removed by scraping, when the new skin will
be found of a soft and healthy texture, and less liable to the
formation of a new corn than before. Corns may be prevented by
wearing easy shoes. Bathe the feet frequently in lukewarm
water, with a little salt or potashes dissolved in it. The corn
itself will be completely destroyed by rubbing it often with a
little caustic solution of potash till the soft skin is formed.
Scrape to a pulp sufficient Spanish garlic, and bind on the
corn over night, after first soaking it well in warm water, and
scrape off as much as possible of the hardened portion in the
morning. Repeat the application as required.
How to Cure Soft Corns.—Scrape a piece of
common chalk, and put a pinch to the soft corn, and bind a
piece of linen rag upon it.
How to Cure Tender Corns.—A strong solution of
tannic acid is said to be an excellent application to tender
feet as well as a preventive of the offensive odor attendant
upon their profuse perspiration. To those of our readers who
live far away in the country, we would suggest a strong
decoction of oak bark as a substitute.
Caustic for Corns.—Tincture of iodine, four
drachms: iodide of iron, twelve grains; chloride of antimony,
four drachms; mix, and apply with a camel's hair brush, after
paring the corn. It is said to cure in three times.
How to Relieve Corns.—Bind them up at night
with a cloth wet with tincture of arnica, to relieve the pain,
and during the day occasionally moisten the stocking over the
corn with arnica if the shoe is not large enough to allow the
corn being bound up with a piece of linen rag.
Remedy for Corns.—1. The pain occasioned by
corns may be greatly alleviated by the following preparation:
Into a one-ounce vial put two drachms of muriatic acid and six
drachms of rose-water. With this mixture wet the corns night
and morning for three days. Soak the feet every evening in warm
water without soap. Put one-third of the acid into the water,
and with a little picking the corn will be dissolved. 2. Take a
lemon, cut off a small piece, then nick it so as to let in the
toe with the corn, tie this on at night so that it cannot move,
and in the morning you will find that, with a blunt knife, you
may remove a considerable portion of the corn. Make two or
three applications, and great relief will be the result.
How to Cure Solvent Corns.—Expose salt of
tartar (pearlash) in a wide-mouth vial in a damp place until it
forms an oil-like liquid, and apply to the corn.
How to Cure Cholera.—Take laudanum, tincture
cayenne, compound tincture rhubarb, peppermint, and camphor, of
each equal parts. Dose, ten to thirty drops. In plain terms,
take equal parts tincture of opium, red pepper, rhubarb,
peppermint and camphor, and mix them for use. In case of
diarroea, take a dose of ten to twenty drops in three or four
teaspoonfuls of water. No one who has this by him, and takes it
in time, will ever have the cholera.
Signs of Disease in Children.—In the case of a
baby not yet able to talk, it must cry when it is ill. The
colic baby cry loud, long, and
passionately, and shed tears—stopping for a moment and
If the chest is affected, it gives one sharp cry, breaking
off immediately, as if crying hurt it.
If the head is affected, it cries in sharp, piercing
shrieks, with low moans and wails between. Or there may be
quiet dozing, and startings between.
It is easy enough to perceive, where a child is attacked by
disease, that there has some change taken place; for either its
skin will be dry and hot, its appetite gone; it is stupidly
sleepy, or fretful or crying; it is thirsty, or pale and
languid, or in some way betrays that something is wrong. When a
child vomits, or has a diarrhoea, or is costive and feverish,
it is owing to some derangement, and needs attention. But these
various symptoms may continue for a day or two before the
nature of the disease can be determined. A warm bath, warm
drinks, etc., can do no harm, and may help to determine the
case. On coming out of the bath, and being well rubbed with the
hand, the skin will show symptoms of rash, if it is a skin
disease which has commenced. By the appearance of the rash, the
nature of the disease can be learned. Measles are in patches,
dark red, and come out first about the face. If scarlet fever
is impending, the skin will look a deep pink all over the body,
though most so about the neck and face. Chicken-pox shows
fever, but not so much running at the nose, and appearances of
cold, as in measles, nor is there as much of a cough. Besides,
the spots are smaller, and do not run much together, and are
more diffused over the whole surface of the skin; and enlarge
into blisters in a day or two.
How to Cure Consumption.—Take one tablespoonful
of tar, and the yolks of three hen's eggs, beat them well
together. Dose, one tablespoonful morning, noon and night.
Croup, Remedy for in One Minute.—This remedy is
simply alum. Take a knife or grater, and shave or grate off in
small particles about a teaspoonful of alum; mix it with about
twice its quantity of sugar, to make it palatable, and
administer as quickly as possible. Its effects will be truly
magical, as almost instantaneous relief will be afforded.
Cholera Remedy, Hartshorne's.—Take of
chloroform, tincture of opium, spirits of camphor, and spirits
of aromatic ammonia, each one and one-half fluid drachms;
creosote, three drops; oil of cinnamon, eight drops; brandy,
two fluid drachms. Dilute a teaspoonful with a wine-glass of
water, and give two teaspoonfuls every five minutes, followed
by a lump of ice.
Cure for Dandruff.—Good mild soap is one of the
safest remedies, and is sufficient in ordinary cases; carbonate
of potash or soda is too alkaline for the skin. Every
application removes a portion of the cuticle, as you may
observe by the smoothness of the skin of your hands after
washing them with it. Borax is recommended; but this is also
soda combined with a weak acid, boracic acid, and may by
protracted use also injuriously act on the scalp. Soap is also
soda or potash combined with the weak, fatty acids; and when
the soap contains an excess of the alkalies or is sharp, it is
as injurious as the carbonate of potash. All that injures the
scalp injures the growth of the hair. One of the best
applications from the vegetable kingdom is the mucilaginous
decoction of the root of the burdock, called bardane in French
(botanical name, Lappa Minor). In the mineral kingdom
the best remedy is a solution of flowers of sulphur in water,
which may be made by the addition of a very small portion of
sulphide of potassium, say ten or twenty grains to the pint.
This solution is shaken up with the sulphur, and the clear
liquid remaining on the top is used. This recipe is founded on
the fact that sulphur is a poison for inferior vegetable or
animal growth, like dandruff, itch, etc., and is not at all a
poison for the superior animal like man.
How to Cure Diphtheria.—A French physician
expresses his preference for lemon juice, as a local
application in diphtheria, to chlorate of potash, nitrate of
silver, perchloride of lime water. He uses it by dipping a
little plug of cottonwood, twisted around a wire, in the juice,
and pressing it against the diseased surface four or five times
How to Cure Bad Breath.—Bad or foul breath will
be removed by taking a teaspoonful of the following mixture
after each meal: One ounce liquor of potassa, one ounce
chloride of soda, one and one-half ounces phosphate of soda,
and three ounces of water.
2. Chlorate of potash, three drachms; rose-water, four
ounces. Dose, a tablespoonful four or five times daily.
How to Cure Bunions.—A bunion is a swelling on
the ball of the great toe, and is the result of pressure and
irritation by friction. The treatment for corns applies also to
bunions; but in consequence of the greater extension of the
disease, the cure is more tedious. When a bunion is forming it
may be stopped by poulticing and carefully opening it with a
How to Cure Burns and Scalds.—Take half a pound
of powdered alum, dissolve it in a quart of water; bathe the
burn or scald with a linen rag, wetted with this mixture, then
bind the wet rag on it with a strip of linen, and moisten the
bandage with the alum water frequently, without removing it
during two or three days.
Tea Leaves for Burns.—Dr. Searles, of Warsaw,
Wis., reports the immediate relief from pain in severe burns
and scalds by the application of a poultice of tea leaves.
How to Cure Cancer.—Boil down the inner bark of
red and white oak to the consistency of molasses; apply as a
plaster, shifting it once a week; or, burn red-oak bark to
ashes; sprinkle it on the sore till it is eaten out; then apply
a plaster of tar; or, take garget berries and leaves of
stramonium; simmer them together in equal parts of neatsfoot
oil and the tops of hemlock; mix well together, and apply it to
the parts affected; at the same time make a tea of winter-green
(root and branch); put a handful into two quarts of water; add
two ounces of sulphur and drink of this tea freely during the
Castor Oil Mixture.—Castor oil, one dessert
spoonful; magnesia, one dessert spoonful. Rub together into a
paste. By this combination, the taste of the oil is almost
entirely concealed, and children take it without
How to Disguise Castor Oil.—Rub up two drops
oil of cinnamon with an ounce of glycerine and add an ounce of
castor oil. Children will take it as a luxury and ask for
Castor Oil Emulsions.—Take castor oil and
syrup, each one ounce; the yolk of an egg, and orange flower
water, one-half ounce. Mix. This makes a very pleasant
emulsion, which is readily taken by adults as well as
How to Cure Catarrh.—Take the bark of sassafras
root, dry and pound it, use it as a snuff, taking two or three
pinches a day.
How to Cure Chilblains.—Wash the parts in
strong alum water, apply as hot as can be borne.
How to Cure Cold.—Take three cents' worth of
liquorice, three of rock candy, three of gum arabic, and put
them into a quart of water; simmer them till thoroughly
then add three cents' worth
paregoric, and a like quantity of antimonial wine.
How to Cure Corns.—Boil tobacco down to an
extract, then mix with it a quantity of white pine pitch, and
apply it to the corn; renew it once a week until the corn
Good Cough Mixture.—Two ounces ammonia mixture;
five ounces camphor mixture; one drachm tincture of digitalis
(foxglove); one-half ounce each of sweet spirits of nitre and
syrup of poppies; two drachms solution of sulphate of morphia.
A tablespoonful of this mixture is to be taken four times a
2. Tincture of blood-root, one ounce; sulphate of morphia,
one and a half grains; tincture of digitalis, one-half ounce;
wine of antimony, one-half ounce; oil of wintergreen, ten
drops. Mix. Dose from twenty to forty drops twice or three
times a day. Excellent for a hard, dry cough.
3. Common sweet cider, boiled down to one-half, makes a
most, excellent syrup for colds or coughs for children, is
pleasant to the taste, and will keep for a year in a cool
cellar. In recovering from an illness, the system has a craving
for some pleasant drink. This is found in cider which is placed
on the fire as soon as made, and allowed to come to a boil,
then cooled, put in casks, and kept in a cool cellar.
4. Roast a large lemon very carefully without burning; when
it is thoroughly hot, cut and squeeze into a cup upon three
ounces of sugar candy. finely powdered: take a spoonful
whenever your cough troubles you. It is as good as it is
Cure for Deafness.—Take ant's eggs and union
juice. Mix and drop them into the ear. Drop into the ear, at
night, six or eight drops of hot sweet oil.
Remedies for Diarrhoea.—1. Take one teaspoonful
of salt, the same of good vinegar, and a tablespoonful of
water; mix and drink. It acts like a charm on the system, and
even one dose will generally cure obstinate cases of diarrhoea,
or the first stages of cholera. If the first does not bring
complete relief, repeat the dose, as it is quite harmless. 2.
The best rhubarb root, pulverized, 1 ounce; peppermint leaf, 1
ounce, capsicum, 1/8 ounce; cover with boiling water and steep
thoroughly, strain, and add bicarbonate of potash and essence
of cinnamon, of each 1/2 ounce; with brandy (or good whisky);
equal in amount to the whole, and loaf sugar, four ounces.
Dose—for an adult, 1 or 2 tablespoons; for a child, 1 to
2 teaspoons, from 3 to 6 times per day, until relief is
obtained. 3. To half a bushel of blackberries; well mashed, add
a quarter of a pound of allspice, 2 ounces of cinnamon, 2
ounces of cloves; pulverize well, mix and boil slowly until
properly done; then strain or squeeze the juice through
home-spun or flannel, and add to each pint of the juice 1 pound
of loaf sugar, boil again for some time, take it off, and while
cooling, add half a gallon of the best Cognac brandy.
Cure for Chronic Diarroea.—Rayer recommends the
association of cinchona, charcoal and bismuth in the treatment
of chronic diarrh a, in the following proportions: Subnitrate
of bismuth, one drachm; cinchona, yellow, powdered, one-half
drachm; charcoal, vegetable, one drachm. Make twenty powders
and take two or three a day during the intervals between
Cures for Dysentery.—Tincture rhubarb, tincture
of capsicum, tincture of camphor, essence of ginger and
laudanum, equal parts. Mix; shake well and take from ten to
twenty drops every thirty minutes, until relief is obtained.
This is a dose for an adult. Half the amount for a child under
twelve years of age. 2. Take some butter off the churn,
immediately after being churned, just as it is, without being
salted or washed: clarify it over the fire like honey. Skim off
all the milky particles when melted over a clear fire. Let the
patient (if an adult) take two tablespoonfuls of the clarified
remainder, twice or thrice within the day. This has never
failed to effect a cure, and in many cases it has been almost
instantaneous. 3. In diseases of this kind the Indians use the
roots and leaves of the blackberry bush—- a decoction of
which, in hot water, well boiled down, is taken in doses of a
gill before each meal, and before retiring to bed. It is an
almost infallible cure. 4. Beat one egg in a teacup; add one
tablespoonful of loaf sugar and half a teaspoonful of ground
spice; fill the cup with sweet milk. Give the patient one
tablespoonful once in ten minutes until relieved. 5. Take one
tablespoonful of common salt, and mix it, with two
tablespoonfuls of vinegar and pour upon it a half pint of
water, either hot or cold (only let it be taken cool.) A wine
glass full of this mixture in the above proportions, taken
every half hour, will he found quite efficacious in curing
dysentery. If the stomach be nauseated, a wine-glass full taken
every hour will suffice. For a child, the quantity should be a
teaspoonful of salt and one of vinegar in a teacupful of
Dropsy.—Take the leaves of a currant bush and
make into tea, drink it.
Cure for Drunkenness.—- The following singular
means of curing habitual drunkenness is employed by a Russian
physician. Dr. Schreiber, of Brzese Litewski: It consists in
confining the drunkard in a room, and in furnishing him at
discretion with his favorite spirit diluted with two-thirds of
water; as much wine, beer and coffee as he desires, but
containing one-third of spirit: all the food—the bread,
meat, and the legumes are steeped in spirit and water. The poor
devil is continually drunk and dort. On the fifth day of this
regime he has an extreme disgust for spirit; he earnestly
requests other diet: but his desire must not be yielded to
until the poor wretch no longer desires to eat or drink: he is
then certainly cured of his penchant for drunkenness. He
acquires such a disgust for brandy or other spirits that he is
ready to vomit at the very sight of it.
Cure for Dyspepsia.—1. Take bark of white
poplar root, boil it thick, and add a little spirit, and then
lay it on the stomach.
2. Take wintergreen and black cherry-tree bark and yellow
dock: put into two quarts of water; boil down to three pints;
take two or three glasses a day.
Here are two remedies for dyspepsia, said by those who "have
tried them" to be infallible. 1. Eat onions. 2. Take two parts
of well-dried and pounded pods of red pepper, mixed with one
part of ground mustard, and sift it over everything you eat or
How to Cure Earache.—Take a small piece of
cotton batting or cotton wool, make a depression in the center
with the finger, and then fill it up with as much ground pepper
as will rest on a five-cent piece; gather it into a ball and
tie it up; dip the ball into sweet oil and insert it in the
ear, covering the latter with cotton wool, and use a bandage or
cap to retain it in its place. Almost instant relief will be
experienced; and the application is so gentle that an infant,
will not get injured by it, but experience relief as well as
adults. Roast a piece of lean mutton, squeeze out the juice and
drop it info the ear as hot as it can be borne. Roast an onion
and put into the ear as hot as it can be borne.
How to Cure Erysipelas.—Dissolve five ounces of
salt in one pint of good brandy and take two tablespoonfuls
three times per day.
Cure for Inflamed Eyes.—Pour boiling water on
alder flowers, and steep them like tea; when cold, put three or
four drops of laudanum into a small glass of the alder-tea, and
let the mixture run into the eyes two or three times a day, and
the eyes will become perfectly strong in the course of a
Cure for Weeping Eyes.—Wash the eyes in
chamomile tea night and morning.
Eyes, Granular Inflammation.—A prominent
oculist says that the contagious Egyptian or granular
inflammation of the eyes is spreading throughout the country,
and that he has been able in many, and indeed in a majority of
cases, to trace the disease to what are commonly called rolling
towels. Towels of this kind are generally found in country
hotels and the dwellings of the working classes, and, being
thus used by nearly every one, are made the carriers of one of
the most troublesome diseases of the eye. This being the case,
it is urgently recommended that the use of these rolling towels
be discarded, and thus one of the special vehicles for the
spread of a most dangerous disorder of the eyes—one by
which thousands of workingmen are annually deprived of their
means of support—will no longer exist.
Cure for Sty in Eye.—Bathe frequently with warm
water. When the sty bursts, use an ointment composed of one
part of citron ointment and four of spermaceti, well rubbed
together, and smear along the edge of the eye-lid.
Cure for Felons.—1. Stir one-half teaspoonful
of water into an ounce of Venice turpentine until the mixture
appears like granulated honey. Wrap a good coating of it around
the finger with a cloth. If the felon is only recent, the pain
will be removed in six hours.
2. As soon as the part begins to swell, wrap it with a cloth
saturated thoroughly with the tincture of lobelia. An old
physician says, that he has known this to cure scores of cases,
and that it never fails if applied in season.
Cure for Fever and Ague.—Take of cloves and
cream of tartar each one-half ounce, and one ounce of Peruvian
bark. Mix in a small quantity of tea, and take it on well days,
in such quantities as the stomach will bear.
Cure for Fever Sores.—Take of hoarhound, balm,
sarsaparilla, loaf sugar, aloes, gum camphor, honey, spikenard,
spirits of turpentine, each two ounces. Dose, one
tablespoonful, three mornings, missing three; and for a wash,
make a strong tea of sumach, washing the affected parts
frequently, and keeping the bandage well wet.
Cure for Fits.—Take of tincture of fox-glove,
ten drops at each time twice a day, and increase one drop at
each time as long as the stomach will bear it, or it causes a
Glycerine Cream.—Receipt for chapped lips: Take
of spermaceti, four drachms; white wax, one drachm; oil of
almonds, two troy ounces; glycerine, one troy ounce. Melt the
spermaceti, wax and oil together, and when cooling stir in
glycerine and perfume.
Glycerine Lotion.—For softening the skin of the
face and hands, especially during the commencement of cold
weather, and also for allaying the irritation caused by the
razor: Triturate, four and a half grains of cochineal with one
and a half fluid ounces of boiling water, adding gradually;
then add two and a half fluid ounces of alcohol. Also make an
emulsion of eight drops of ottar of roses with thirty grains of
gum arabic and eight fluid ounces of water; then add three
fluid ounces of glycerine, and ten fluid drachms of quince
mucilage. Mix the two liquids.
Fleshworms.—These specks, when they exist in
any number, are a cause of much unsightliness. They are minute
corks, if we may use the term, of coagulated lymp, which close
the orifices of some of the pores or exhalent vessels of the
skin. On the skin immediately adjacent to them being pressed
with the finger nails, these bits of coagulated lymph will come
from it in a vermicular form. They are vulgarly called "flesh
worms," many persons fancying them to be living creatures.
These may be got rid of and prevented from returning, by
washing with tepid water, by proper friction with a towel, and
by the application of a little cold cream. The longer these
little piles are permitted to remain in the skin the more
firmly they become fixed; and after a time, when they lose
their moisture they are converted into long bony spines as
dense as bristles, and having much of that character. They are
known by the name of spotted achne. With regard to local
treatment, the following lotions are calculated to be
serviceable: 1. Distilled rose water, 1 pint; sulphate of zinc,
20 to 60 grains. Mix. 2. Sulphate of copper, 20 grains;
rosewater, 4 ounces; water, 12 ounces. Mix. 3. Oil of sweet
almonds, 1 ounce; fluid potash, 1 drachm. Shake well together
and then add rose-water, 1 ounce; pure water, 6 ounces. Mix.
The mode of using these remedies is to rub the pimples for some
minutes with a rough towel, and then dab them with the lotion.
4. Wash the face twice a day with warm water, and rub dry with
a coarse towel. Then with a soft towel rub in a lotion made of
two ounces of white brandy, one ounce of cologne, and one-half
ounce of liquor potassa.
How to Remove Freckles.—Freckles; so
persistently regular in their annual return, have annoyed the
fair sex from time immemorial, and various means have been
devised to eradicate them, although thus far with no decidedly
satisfactory results. The innumerable remedies in use for the
removal of these vexatious intruders, are either simple and
harmless washes, such as parsley or horseradish water,
solutions of borax, etc., or injurious nostrums, consisting
principally of lead and mercury salts.
If the exact cause of freckles were known, a remedy for them
might be found. A chemist in Moravia, observing the bleaching
effect of mercurial preparations, inferred that the growth of a
local parasitical fungus was the cause of the discoloration of
the skin, which extended and ripened its spores in the warmer
season. Knowing that sulpho-carbolate of zinc is a deadly enemy
to all parasitic vegetation (itself not being otherwise
injurious), he applied this salt for the purpose of removing
the freckles. The compound consists of two parts of
sulpho-carbolate of zinc, twenty-five parts of distilled
glycerine, twenty-five parts of rose-water, and five parts of
scented alcohol, and is to be applied twice daily for from half
an hour to an hour, then washed off with cold water. Protection
against the sun by veiling and other means is recommended, and
in addition, for persons of pale complexion, some mild
preparation of iron.
Gravel.—1. Make a strong tea of the low herb
called heart's ease, and drink freely. 2. Make of Jacob's
ladder a strong tea, and drink freely. 3. Make of bean leaves a
strong tea, and drink freely.
Wash for the Hair.—Castile soap, finely shaved,
one teaspoonful; spirits of hartshorn, one drachm; alcohol,
five ounces; cologne water and bay rum, in equal quantities
enough to make eight ounces. This should be poured on the head,
followed by warm water (soft water); the result will be, on
washing, a copious lather and a smarting sensation to the
person operated on. Rub this well into the hair. Finally, rinse
with warm water, and afterwards with cold water. If the head is
very much clogged with dirt, the hair will come out
plentifully, but the scalp will become white and perfectly
Hair Restorative.—Take of castor oil, six fluid
ounces; alcohol, twenty-six fluid ounces. Dissolve. Then add
of cantharides (made with
strong alcohol), one fluid ounce; essence of jessamine (or
other perfume), one and a half fluid ounces.
Cure for Heartburn.—Sal volatile combined with
camphor is a splendid remedy.
Sick Headache.—Take a teaspoonful of powdered
charcoal in molasses every morning, and wash it down with a
little tea, or drink half a glass of raw rum or gin, and drink
freely of mayweed tea.
Headache.—Dr. Silvers, of Ohio, in the
Philadelphia Medical and Surgical Reporter, recommends
ergot in headache, especially the nervous or sick headache. He
says it will cure a larger proportion of cases than any other
remedy. His theory of its action is that it lessens the
quantity of blood in the brain by contracting the muscular
fibres of the arterial walls. He gives ten to twenty drops of
the fluid extract, repeated every half hour till relief is
obtained, or four or five doses used. In other forms of
disease, where opium alone is contra-indicated, its bad effects
are moderated, he says, by combining it with ergot.
Headache Drops.—For the cure of nervous, sun,
and sick headache, take two quarts of alcohol, three ounces of
Castile soap, one ounce camphor, and two ounces ammonia. Bathe
forehead and temples.
Hive Syrup.—Put one ounce each of squills and
seneca snake-root into one pint of water; boil down to one-half
and strain. Then add one-half pound of clarified honey
containing twelve grains tartrate of antimony. Dose for a
child, ten drops to one teaspoonful, according to age. An
excellent remedy for croup.
How to Clean the Hair.—From the too frequent
use of oils in the hair, many ladies destroy the tone and color
of their tresses. The Hindoos have a way of remedying this.
They take a hand basin filled with cold water, and have ready a
small quantity of pea flour. The hair is in the first place
submitted to the operation of being washed in cold water, a
handful of the pea flour is then applied to the head and rubbed
into the hair for ten minutes at least, the servant adding
fresh water at short intervals, until it becomes a perfect
lather. The whole head is then washed quite clean with copious
supplies of the aqueous fluid, combed, and afterwards rubbed
dry by means of coarse towels. The hard and soft brush is then
resorted to, when the hair will be found to be wholly free from
all encumbering oils and other impurities, and assume a glossy
softness, equal to the most delicate silk. This process tends
to preserve the tone and natural color of the hair, which is so
frequently destroyed by the too constant use of caustic
How to Soften Hands.—After cleansing the hands
with soap, rub them well with oatmeal while wet.
How to Remove Stains from Hands.—Damp the hands
first in water, then rub them with tartaric acid, or salt of
lemons, as you would with soap; rinse them and rub them dry.
Tartaric acid, or salt of lemons, will quickly remove stains
from white muslin or linen. Put less than half a teaspoonful of
salt or acid into a tablespoonful of water; wet the stain with
it, and lay it in the sun for an hour; wet it once or twice
with cold water during the time; if this does not quite remove
it, repeat the acid water, and lay it in the sun.
How to Whiten Hands.—1. Stir 1/4 of a pound of
Castile soap, and place it in a jar near the fire, pour over it
1/2 pint of alcohol; when the soap is dissolved and mixed with
the spirit, add 1 ounce of glycerine, the same of oil of
almonds, with a few drops of essence of violets, or ottar of
roses, then pour it into moulds to cool for use. 2. A
wineglassful of eau-de-cologne, and one of lemon-juice, two
cakes of broken Windsor soap, mixed well together, when hard,
will form an excellent substance.
How to Cure Scurf in the Head.—A simple and
effectual remedy. Into a pint of water drop a lump of fresh
quick lime, the size of a walnut; let it stand all night, then
pour the water off clear from the sediment or deposit, add 1/4
of a pint of the best vinegar, and wash the head with the
mixture. Perfectly harmless; only wet the roots of the
How to Cure Chapped Lips.—Take 2 ounces of
white wax, 1 ounce of spermaceti, 4 ounces of oil of almonds, 2
ounces of honey, 1/4 of an ounce of essence of bergamot, or any
other scent. Melt the wax and spermaceti; then add the honey,
and melt all together, and when hot add the almond oil by
degrees, stirring till cold. 2. Take oil of almonds 3 ounces;
spermaceti 1/2 ounce; virgin rice, 1/2 ounce. Melt these
together over a slow fire, mixing with them a little powder of
alkane root to color it. Keep stirring till cold, and then add
a few drops of the oil of rhodium. 3.
Take oil of almonds, spermaceti, white wax. and white sugar
candy, equal parts. These form a good, white lip salve.
How to Remove Moth Patches.—Wash the patches
with solution of common bicarbonate of soda and water several
times during the day for two days, or until the patches are
removed, which will usually be in forty-eight hours. After the
process wash with some nice toilet soap, and the skin will be
left nice, smooth and clear of patches.
How to Take Care of the Nails.—The nails should
be kept clean by the daily use of the nail brush and soap and
water. After wiping the hands, but while they are still soft
from the action of the water, gently push back the skin which
is apt to grow over the nails, which will not only preserve
them neatly rounded, but will prevent the skin from cracking
around their roots (nail springs), and becoming sore. The
points of the nail should be pared at least once a week; biting
them should be avoided.
How to Cure Hiccough.—A convulsive motion of
the diaphragm and parts adjacent. The common causes are
flatuency, indigestion, acidity and worms. It may usually be
removed by the exhibition of warm carminatives, cordials, cold
wafer, weak spirits, camphor julep, or spirits of sal volatile.
A sudden fright or surprise will often produce the like effect.
An instance is recorded of a delicate young lady that was
troubled with hiccough for some months, and who was reduced to
a state of extreme debility from the loss of sleep occasioned
thereby, who was cured by a fright, after medicines and topical
applications had failed. A pinch of snuff, a glass of cold
soda-water, or an ice-cream, will also frequently remove this
How to Cure Hoarseness.—Make a strong tea of
horseradish and yellow dock root, sweetened with honey and
Remedies for Hoarseness.—Take one drachm of
freshly scraped horse-radish root, to be infused with four
ounces of water in a close vessel for three hours, and made
into a syrup, with double its quantity of vinegar. A
teaspoonful has often proved effectual.
How to Cure Humors.—Take equal parts of saffron
and seneca snake root, make a strong tea, drink one half-pint a
day, and this will drive out all humors from the system.
How to Cure Hysterics.—Take the leaves of
motherwort and thoroughwort, and the bark of poplar root; equal
parts. Mix them in molasses, and take four of them when the
first symptoms of disorder are felt, and they will effectually
How to Cure Barber's Itch.—Moisten the parts
affected with saliva (spittle) and rub it over thoroughly
times a day with the ashes of
a good Havana cigar. This is a simple remedy, yet it has
cured the most obstinate cases.
Itch Ointment.—1. Take lard, one pound; suet,
one pound; sugar of lead, eight ounces; vermillion, two ounces.
Mix. Scent with a little bergamot. 2. Take bichloride of
mercury, one ounce; lard, one pound; suet, one pound;
hydrochloride acid, one and a half ounces. Melt and well mix,
and when perfectly cold, stir in essence of lemon, four
drachms; essence of bergamot, one drachm. 3. Take powdered
chloride of lime, one ounce; lard, one pound. Mix well, then
add essence of lemon, two drachms. 4. Take bichloride of
mercury, one part; lard, fifteen parts. Mix well together. 5.
Take white precipitate, one part; lard, twelve parts. Mix. A
portion of either of these ointments must be well rubbed on the
parts affected, night and morning.
How to Cure Seven-Year Itch.—1. Use plenty of
castile soap and water, and then apply freely iodide of sulphur
ointment; or take any given quantity of simple sulphur ointment
and color it to a light brown or chocolate color with the
subcarbonate of iron, and then perfume it. Apply this freely,
and if the case should be a severe one, administer mild
alteratives in conjunction with the outward application. 2. The
sulphur bath is a good remedy for itch or any other kind of
skin diseases. Leprosy (the most obstinate of all) has been
completely cured by it, and the common itch only requires two
or three applications to completely eradicate it from the
system. 3. Benzine, it is said, will effect a complete cure for
scabies in the course of half to three-quarters of an hour,
after which the patient should take a warm bath from twenty to
How to Cure Jaundice.—1. Take the whites of two
hen's eggs, beat them up well in a gill of water; take of this
a little every morning; it will soon do good. It also creates
an appetite, and strengthens the stomach. 2. Take of black
cherry-tree bark, two ounces; blood root and gold thread, each
half an ounce; put in a pint of brandy. Dose, from a
teaspoonful to a tablespoonful morning and night.
How to Cure Stiffened Joints.—Take of the bark
of white oak and sweet apple trees, equal parts; boil them down
to a thick substance, and then add the same quantity of
goose-grease or oil, simmer all together, and then rub it on
the parts warm.
How to Cure Kidney Disease.—Equal parts of the
oil of red cedar and the oil of spearmint.
How to Cure Lame Back.—Take the berries of red
cedar and allow them to simmer in neatsfoot oil, and use as an
How to Kill Lice.—All kinds of lice and their
nits may be got rid of by washing with a simple decoction of
stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria), or with a lotion
made with the bruised seed in vinegar, or with the tincture, or
by rubbing in a salve made with the seeds and four times their
weight of lard very carefully beaten together. The acetic
solution and the tincture are the cleanliest and most agreeable
preparations, but all are equally efficacious in destroying
both the creatures and their eggs, and even in relieving the
intolerable itching which their casual presence leaves behind
on many sensitive skins. The alkaloid delphinia may also be
employed, but possesses no advantage except in the preparation
of an ointment, when from any reason that form of application
should be preferred.
Rheumatic Liniment.—Olive oil, spirits of
camphor and chloroform, of each two ounces; sassafras oil, 1
drachm. Add the oil of sassafras to the olive oil, then the
spirits of camphor, and shake well before putting in the
chloroform; shake when used, and keep it corked, as the
chloroform evaporates very fast if it is left open. Apply three
or four times daily, rubbing in well, and always toward the
Sore Throat Liniment.—Gum camphor, two ounces;
castile soap, shaved fine, one drachm; oil of turpentine and
oil of origanum, each one-half ounce; opium, one-fourth of an
ounce; alcohol, one pint. In a week or ten days they will be
fit for use. Bathe the parts freely two or three times daily
until relief is obtained.
A Wonderful Liniment.—Two ounces oil of spike,
two ounces origanum, two ounces hemlock, two ounces wormwood,
four ounces sweet oil, two ounces spirit of ammonia, two ounces
gum camphor, two ounces spirits turpentine. Add one quart
strong alcohol. Mix well together, and bottle tight. This is an
unequaled horse liniment, and of the best ever made for human
ailments such as rheumatism, sprains, etc.
How to Cure Sore Lips.—Wash the lips with a
strong tea, made from the bark of the white oak.
Liver Complaint.—Make a strong tea of syrup of
burdock, wormwood and dandelion, equal parts, and drink
Lock Jaw.—It is said that the application of
warm lye, made of ashes as strong as possible, to a wounded
part, will prevent a locked jaw; if a foot or hand, immerse in
it; if another part of the body, bathe with flannels wrung out
of the warm lye.
Mumps.—This disease, most common among
children, begins with soreness and stiffness in the side of the
neck. Soon a swelling of the parotid gland takes place, which
is painful, and continues to increase for four or five days,
sometimes making it difficult to swallow, or open the mouth.
The swelling sometimes comes on one side at a time, but
commonly upon both. There is often heat, and sometimes fever,
with a dry skin, quick pulse, furred tongue, constipated bowls,
and scanty and high-colored urine. The disease is contagious.
The treatment is very simple—a mild diet, gentle
laxative, occasional hot fomentations, and wearing a piece of
flannel round the throat.
How to Prevent Ingrowing Nails.—If the nail of
your toe be hard, and apt to grow round, and into the corners
of your toe, take a piece of broken glass and scrape the top
very thin; do this whenever you cut your nails, and by constant
use it makes the corners fly up and grow flat, so that it is
impossible they should give you any pain.
How to Whiten Nails.—The best wash for
whitening the nails is two drachms of diluted sulphuric acid,
one drachm of tincture of myrrh, added to four ounces of spring
water; first cleanse the hands, and then apply the wash.
Sure Cure for Neuralgia.—1. Fill a tight-top
thimble with cotton wool, and drop on it a few drops of strong
spirits of hartshorn. The open mouth of the thimble is then
applied over the seat of pain for a minute or two, until the
skin is blistered. The skin is then rubbed off, and upon the
denuded surface a small quantity of morphia (one-fourth grain)
is applied. This affords almost instant relief. A second
application of the morphia, if required, is to be preceded by
first rubbing off the new formation that has sprung up over the
former blistered surface.
2. Dr. J. Knox Hodge recommends the following as an
application which will relieve facial or any other neuralgia
almost instantaneously: Albumen of egg, one drachm; rhigolene,
four ounces; oil of peppermint, two ounces; colodion and
chloroform, each one ounce. Mix. Agitate occasionally for
twenty-four hours, and by gelatinization a beautiful and
semi-solidified, opodeldoc-looking compound
which will retain its
consistency and hold the ingredients intimately blended for
months. Apply by smart friction with the hand, or gently
with a soft brush or mop along the course of the nerve
3. Mix one and one-half drachms iodide of potash, fifteen
grains of quinine and one ounce ginger syrup, and two and a
half ounces water. Dose, a tablespoonful every three hours.
4. Of the Stomach.—Take of distilled water of
cherry laurel, five parts; muriate of morphia, one-tenth part.
Mix and dissolve. One drop on a lump of sugar immediately
Ointment for Sore Nipples.—Glycerine, rose
water and tannin, equal weights, rubbed together into an
ointment, is very highly recommended for sore or cracked
Glycerine Ointment.—Melt together spermaceti,
two drachms; white wax, one-half drachm; oil of sweet almonds,
two ounces, and then add glycerine, one ounce, and stir briskly
until cool. An admirable application for chapped hands,
Ointment for Itch.—- White precipitate, fifteen
grains; saltpetre, one-half drachm; flour of sulphur, one
drachm; Mix well with lard, two ounces. Long celebrated for the
cure of itch.
Sulphur Ointment.—Flour of sulphur, eight
ounces; oil of bergamot, two drachms; lard, one pound. Rub
freely three times a day, for itch.
Ointment for Piles.—Tannin, two drachms; water,
two fluid drachms; triturate together, and add lard, one and a
half drachms. An excellent application for piles.
Ointment for Hemorrhoids.—Sulphate of morphia,
three grains; extract of stramonia, thirty grains; olive oil,
one drachm; carbonate of lead, sixty grains; lard, three
Pains.—1. Steep marigold in good cider vinegar
and frequently wash the affected parts. This will afford speedy
2. Take half a pound of tar and the same quantity of
tobacco, and boil them down separately to a thick substance;
then simmer them together. Spread a plaster and apply it to the
affected parts, and it will afford immediate relief.
Painters' Colic.—Make of tartaric acid a syrup
similar to that of lemon syrup; add a sufficient quantity of
water, and drink two or three glasses a day.
Instantaneous Pain-Killer.—Another and even
more instant cure of pain is made as follows: Take
aqua-ammonia, sulphuric ether and alcohol, equal parts, and
apply over the pain.
How to Cure Pimples.—Take a teaspoonful of the
tincture of gum guaiacum and one teaspoonful of vinegar; mix
well and apply to the affected parts.
Poor Man's Plaster.—Melt together beeswax, one
ounce; tar, three ounces; resin, three ounces, and spread on
paper or muslin.
Rheumatic Plaster.—One-fourth pound of resin
and one-fourth pound of sulphur; melt by a slow fire, and add
one ounce of Cayenne pepper and one-fourth of an ounce of
camphor gum; stir well till mixed, and temper with neatsfoot
Strengthening Plaster.—Litharge plasters,
twenty-four parts; white resin, six parts; yellow wax and olive
oil, of each three parts, and red oxide of iron, eight parts.
Let the oxide be rubbed with the oil, and the other ingredients
added melted, and mix the whole well together. The plaster,
after being spread over the leather, should be cut into strips
two inches wide and strapped firmly around the joint.
Mustard Plasters.—It is stated that in making a
mustard plaster, no water whatever should be used, but the
mustard mixed with the white of an egg; the result will be a
plaster that will "draw" perfectly, but will not produce a
blister even upon the skin of an infant, no matter how long it
is allowed to remain upon the part.
Bread and Milk Poultice.—Take stale bread in
crumbs, pour boiling sweet milk, or milk and water over it, and
simmer till soft, stirring it well; then take it from the fire,
and gradually stir in a little glycerine or sweet oil, so as to
render the poultice pliable when applied.
Linseed Poultice.—- Take of linseed, powdered,
four ounces; hot water sufficient, mix and stir well with a
spoon, until of suitable consistence. A little oil should be
added, and some smeared over the surface as well, to prevent
its getting hard. A very excellent poultice, suitable for many
Spice Poultice.—Powdered cinnamon, cloves and
Cayenne pepper, of each two ounces; rye meal, or flour, spirits
and honey, of each sufficient to make of suitable
Quinsy.—This is an inflammation of the tonsils,
or common inflammatory sore throat; commences with a slight
feverish attack, with considerable pain and swelling of the
tonsils, causing some difficulty in swallowing; as the attack
advances these symptoms become more intense, there is headache,
thirst, a painful sense of tension, and acute darting pains in
the ears. The attack is generally brought on by exposure to
cold, and lasts from five to seven days, when it subsides
naturally, or an abscess may form in tonsils and burst, or the
tonsil may remain enlarged, the inflammation subsiding.
TREATMENT.—The patient should remain in a warm room,
the diet chiefly milk and good broths, some cooling laxative
and diaphoretic medicine may be given; but the greatest relief
will be found in the frequent inhalation of the steam of hot
water through an inhaler, or in the old-fashioned way, through
the spout of a teapot.
Other Remedies for Rheumatism.—1. Bathe the
parts affected with water in which potatoes have been boiled,
as hot as can be borne, just before going to bed; by morning it
will be much relieved, if not removed. One application of this
simple remedy has cured the most obstinate of rheumatic pains.
2. Half an ounce of pulverized salt petre put in half a pint of
sweet oil; bathe the parts affected, and a sound cure will be
speedily effected. 3. Rheumatism has frequently been cured by a
persistent use of lemon juice, either undiluted or in the form
of lemonade. Suck half a lemon every morning before breakfast,
and occasionally during the day, and partake of lemonade when
thirsty in preference to any other drink. If severely afflicted
a physician should be consulted, but, in all cases, lemon juice
will hasten the cure. 4. By the valerian bath, made simply by
taking one pound of valerian root, boiling it gently for about
a quarter of an hour in one gallon of water, straining and
adding the strained liquid to about twenty gallons of water in
an ordinary bath. The temperature should be about ninety-eight
degrees, and the time of immersion from twenty minutes to half
an hour. Pains must be taken to dry the patient perfectly upon
getting out of the bath. If the inflammation remain refractory
in any of the joints, linseed meal poultices should be made
with a strong decoction of valerian root and applied.
How to Cure Ring-Worm.—To one part sulphuric
acid, add sixteen to twenty parts water. Use a brush and
feather, and apply it to the parts night and morning. A few
dressings will generally cure. If the solution is too
and causes pain, dilute it
with water, and if the irritation is excessive, rub on a
little oil or other softening application, but always avoid
the use of soap.
Or, wash the head with soft soap every morning, and apply
the following lotion every night: One-half drachm of
sub-carbonate of soda dissolved in one gill of vinegar.
Healing Salve.—Sweet oil, three quarts; resin,
three ounces; beeswax, three ounces. Melt together; then add
powdered red lead, two pounds; heat all these together and when
nearly cold add a piece of camphor as large as a nutmeg. Good
for burns, etc.
Salt Rheum.—1. Make a strong tea of elm root
bark; drink the tea freely, and wash the affected part in the
same. 2. Take one ounce of blue flag root, steep it in half a
pint of gin; take a teaspoonful three times a day, morning,
noon and night, and wash with the same. 3. Take one ounce of
oil of tar, one drachm of oil of checker berry; mix. Take from
five to twenty drops morning and night as the stomach will
Bleeding of the Stomach.—Take a teaspoonful of
camomile tea every ten minutes until the bleeding stops.
Sickness of Stomach.—Drink three or four times
a day of the steep made from the bark of white poplar
Sunburn and Tan.—1. Take two drachms of borax,
one drachm of Roman alum, one drachm of camphor, half an ounce
of sugar candy, and a pound of ox-gall. Mix, and stir well for
ten minutes or so, and repeat this stirring three or four times
a day for a fortnight, till it appears clear and transparent.
Strain through blotting paper, and bottle up for use. 2. Milk
of almonds made thus: Take of blanched bitter almonds half an
ounce, soft water half a pint; make an emulsion by beating the
almonds and water together, strain through a muslin cloth, and
it is made. 3. A preparation composed of equal parts of olive
oil and lime water is also an excellent remedy for sunburn.
To Produce Sweat.—Take of nitre, one-half
drachm; snake's head (herb), saffron, camphor, snake-root,
seneca, bark of sassafras root, each one ounce; ipecac, and
opium, each one half ounce; put the above in three quarts of
Holland gin, and take a tablespoonful in catnip tea every few
minutes, till a sweat is produced.
Teething.—Young children whilst cutting their
first set of teeth often suffer severe constitutional
disturbance. At first there is restlessness and peevishness,
with slight fever, but not infrequently these are followed by
convulsive fits, as they are commonly called, which depends on
the brain becoming irritated; and sometimes under this
condition the child is either cut off suddenly, or the
foundation of serious mischief to the brain is laid. The
remedy, or rather the safeguard, against these frightful
consequences is trifling, safe, and almost certain, and
consists merely in lancing the gum covering the tooth which is
making its making its way through. When teething is about it
may be known by the spittle constantly driveling from the mouth
and wetting the frock. The child has its fingers in its month,
and bites hard any substance it can get hold of. If the gums be
carefully looked at, the part where the tooth is pressing up is
swollen and redder than usual; and if the finger be pressed on
it the child shrinks and cries, showing that the gum is tender.
When these symptoms occur, the gum should be lanced, and
sometimes the tooth comes through the next day, if near the
surface; but if not so far advanced the cut heals and a scar
forms, which is thought by some objectionable, as rendering the
passage of the tooth more difficult. This, however, is untrue,
for the scar will give way much more easily than the uncut gum.
If the tooth does not come through after two or three days, the
lancing may be repeated; and this is more especially needed if
the child be very fractious, and seems in much pain. Lancing
the gums is further advantageous, because it empties the
inflamed part of its blood, and so relieves the pain and
inflammation. The relief children experience in the course of
two or three hours from the operation is often very remarkable,
as they almost immediately become lively and cheerful.
Wash for Teeth and Gums.—The teeth should be
washed night and morning, a moderately small and soft brush
being used; after the morning ablution, pour on a second
tooth-brush, slightly dampened, a little of the following
lotion: Carbolic acid, 20 drops; spirits of wine, 2 drachms;
distilled water, 6 ounces. After using this lotion a short time
the gums become firmer and less tender, and impurity of the
breath (which is most commonly caused by bad teeth), will be
removed. It is a great mistake to use hard tooth-brushes, or to
brush the teeth until the gums bleed.
Tetter.—After a slight feverish attack, lasting
two or three days, clusters of small, transparent pimples,
filled sometimes with a colorless, sometimes with a brownish
lymph, appear on the cheeks or forehead, or on the extremities,
and at times on the body. The pimples are about the size of a
pea, and break after a few days, when a brown or yellow crust
is formed over them, which falls off about the tenth day,
leaving the skin red and irritable. The eruption is attended
with heat; itching, tingling, fever, and restlessness,
especially at night. Ringworm is a curious form of tetter, in
which the inflamed patches assume the form of a ring.
TREATMENT—Should consist of light diet, and gentle
laxatives. If the patient be advanced in life, and feeble, a
tonic will be desirable. For a wash, white vitriol, 1 drachm;
rose-water, 3 ounces, mixed; or an ointment made of
alder-flower ointment, 1 ounce; oxide of zinc, 1 drachm.
To Remove Tan.—Tan may be removed from the face
by mixing magnesia in soft water to the consistency of paste,
which should then be spread on the face and allowed to remain a
minute or two. Then wash off with Castile soap suds, and rinse
with soft water.
Care of the Teeth.—The mouth has a temperature
of 98 degrees, warmer than is ever experienced in the shade in
the latitude of New England. It is well known that if beef, for
example, be exposed in the shade during the warmest of our
summer days, it will very soon decompose. If we eat beef for
dinner, the particles invariably find their way into the spaces
between the teeth. Now, if these particles of beef are not
removed, they will frequently remain till they are softened by
decomposition. In most mouths this process of decomposition is
in constant progress. Ought we to be surprised that the gums
and teeth against which these decomposing or putrefying masses
lie should become subjects of disease?
How shall our teeth be preserved? The answer is very
simple—keep them very clean. How shall they be kept
clean? Answer—By a toothpick, rinsing with water, and the
daily use of a brush.
The toothpick should be a quill, not because the metalic
picks injure the enamel, but because the quill pick is so
flexible it fits into all the irregularities between the teeth.
Always after using the toothpick the mouth should be thoroughly
rinsed. If warm water be not at hand, cold may be used,
although warm is much better. Closing the lips, with a motion
familiar to all, everything may be thoroughly rinsed from the
Every morning (on rising), and every evening (on going to
bed), the tooth-brush should be used, and the teeth, both
outside and inside, thoroughly brushed.
Much has been said pro and con., upon the use
of soap with the tooth-brush. My own experience and the
of members of my family is
highly favorable to the regular morning and evening use of
soap. Castile or other good soap will answer this purpose.
(Whatever is good for the hands and face is good for the
teeth.) The slightly unpleasant taste which soap has when we
begin to use it will soon be unnoticed.
Tooth Powders.—Many persons, while laudably
attentive to the preservation of their teeth, do them harm by
too much officiousness. They daily apply to them some
dentifrice powder, which they rub so hard as not only to injure
the enamel by excessive friction, but to hurt the gums even
more than by the abuse of the toothpick. The quality of some of
the dentifrice powders advertised in newspapers is extremely
suspicious, and there is reason to think that they are not
altogether free from a corrosive ingredient. One of the safest
and best compositions for the purpose is a mixture of two parts
of prepared chalk, one of Peruvian bark, and one of hard soap,
all finely powdered, which is calculated not only to clean the
teeth without hurting them, but to preserve the firmness of the
Besides the advantage of sound teeth for their use in
mastication, a proper attention to their treatment conduces not
a little to the sweetness of the breath. This is, indeed, often
affected by other causes existing in the lungs, the stomach,
and sometimes even in the bowels, but a rotten state of the
teeth, both from the putrid smell emitted by carious bones and
the impurities lodged in their cavities, never fails of
aggravating an unpleasant breath wherever there is a tendency
of that kind.
Remedies for Toothache.—1. One drachm of alum
reduced to an impalpable powder, three drachms of nitrous
spirits of ether—mix, and apply them to the tooth on
cotton. 2. Mix a little salt and alum, equal portions, grind it
fine, wet a little lock of cotton, fill it with the powder and
put it in your tooth. One or two applications seldom fail to
cure. 3. To one drachm of collodion add two drachms of
Calvert's carbolic acid. A gelatinous mass is precipitated, a
small portion of which, inserted in the cavity of an aching
tooth, invariably gives immediate relief. 4. Saturate a small
bit of clean cotton wool with a strong solution of ammonia, and
apply it immediately to the affected tooth. The pleasing
contrast immediately produced in some cases causes fits of
laughter, although a moment previous extreme suffering and
anguish prevailed. 5. Sometimes a sound tooth aches from
sympathy of the nerves of the face with other nerves. But when
toothache proceeds from a decayed tooth either have it taken
out, or put hot fomentations upon the face, and hot drinks into
the mouth, such as tincture of cayenne.
To Cure Warts.—Warts are formed by the small
arteries, veins, and nerves united together, taking on a
disposition to grow by extending themselves upward, carrying
the scarf-skin along with them, which, thickening, forms a
wart. Corns are a similar growth, brought about by the friction
of tight boots and shoes. 1. Take a piece of diachylon plaster,
cut a hole in the centre the size of the wart, and stick it on,
the wart protruding through. Then touch it daily with
aquafortis, or nitrate of silver. They may be removed by tying
a string tightly around them. 2. Take a blacksmith's punch,
heat it red hot and burn the warts with the end of it. When the
burn gets well the warts will be gone forever. 3. Scrape down
enough dry cobwebs to make a ball large enough to, or a little
more than, cover the wart and not touch the flesh around the
same; lay it on top of the wart, ignite it and let it be until
it is all burnt up. The wart will turn white, and in a few days
come out. 4. Pass a pin through the wart; apply one end of the
pin to the flame of a lamp; hold it there until the wart fries
under the action of the heat. A wart so treated will leave. 5.
Dissolve as much common washing soda as the water will take up;
wash the warts with this for a minute or two, and let them dry
without wiping. Keep the water in a bottle and repeat the
washing often, and it will take away the largest warts. 6. They
may be cured surely by paring them down until the blood comes
slightly and then rubbing them with lunar caustic. It is
needless to say this hurts a little, but it is a sure cure. The
hydrochlorate of lime applied in the same way will cure after
several applications and some patience; so will strong good
vinegar, and so it is said will milk weed. The cures founded
upon superstitious practices, such as muttering some phrases
over the excrescence, stealing a piece of beef, rubbing the
wart therewith and then burying it under the leaves to await
its decay, etc., etc., are all the remnants of a past state of
ignorance and are of no use whatever. Warts are generally only
temporary and disappear as their possessors grow up.
How to Cure White Swelling.—Draw a blister on
the inside of the leg below the knee; keep it running with
ointment made of hen manure, by simmering it in hog's lard with
onions; rub the knee with the following kind of ointment: Bits
of peppermint, oil of sassafras, checkerberry, juniper, one
drachm each; simmer in one-half pint neatsfoot oil, and rub on
the knee three times a day.
How to Cure Wounds.—Catnip steeped, mixed with
fresh butter and sugar.
How to Cure Whooping-Cough.—Take a quart of
spring water, put in it a large handful of chin-cups that grow
upon moss, a large handful of unset hyssop; boil it to a pint,
strain it off, and sweeten it with sugar-candy. Let the child,
as often as it coughs, take two spoonfuls at a time.
How to Cure Worms in Children.—1. Take one
ounce of powdered snake-head (herb), and one drachm each of
aloes and prickly ash bark; powder these, and to one-half
teaspoonful of this powder add a teaspoonful of boiling water
and a teaspoonful of molasses. Take this as a dose, night or
morning, more or less, as the symptoms may require. 2. Take
tobacco leaves, pound them up with honey, and lay them on the
belly of the child or grown person, at the same time
administering a dose of some good physic. 3. Take garden
parsley, make it into a tea and let the patient drink freely of
it. 4. Take the scales that will fall around the blacksmith's
anvil, powder them fine, and put them in sweetened rum. Shake
when you take them, and give a teaspoonful three times a
Scalding of the Urine.—Equal parts of the oil
of red cedar, and the oil of spearmint.
Urinary Obstructions.—Steep pumpkin seeds in
gin, and drink about three glasses a day; or, administer half a
drachm uva ursi every morning, and a dose of spearmint.
Free Passage Of Urine.—The leaves of the
currant bush made into a tea, and taken as a common drink.
Venereal Complaints.—Equal parts of the oil of
red cedar, combined with sarsaparilla, yellow dock and burdock
made into a syrup; add to a pint of this syrup an ounce of gum
guiaicum. Dose, from a tablespoonful to a wine-glass, as best
you can bear.
How to Cure Sore Throat.—"One who has tried it"
communicates the following sensible item about curing sore
throat: Let each one of your half million readers buy at any
drug store one ounce of camphorated oil and five cents' worth
of chloride of potash. Whenever any soreness appears in the
throat, put the potash in half a tumbler of water, and with it
gargle the throat thoroughly; then rub the neck thoroughly with
the camphorated oil at night before going to bed, and also pin
around the throat a small strip of woolen flannel. This is a
simple, cheap and sure remedy.