HOW TO MAKE SOUPS
Artichoke Soup.—Take Jerusalem artichokes
according to the quantity of soup required to be made, cut them
in slices, with a quarter of a pound of butter, two or three
onions and turnips, sliced into a stewpan, and stew over a very
slow fire till done enough, and thin it with good veal stock.
Just before you serve, at the last boil, add a quarter of a
pint of good cream. This is an excellent soup. Season to taste
with a little salt and cayenne. As it is necessary to vary
soups, we shall give you a few to choose from according to
season and taste. All brown soups must be clear and thin, with
the exception of mock turtle, which must be thickened with
flour first browned with butter in a stewpan. If the flour is
added without previous browning, it preserves a raw taste that
by no means improves the flavor.
Asparagus Soup.—Three or four pounds of veal
cut fine, a little salt pork, two or three bunches of asparagus
and three quarts of water. Boil one-half of the asparagus with
the meat, leaving the rest in water until about twenty minutes
before serving; then add the rest of the asparagus and boil
just before serving; add one pint of milk; thicken with a
little flour, and season. The soup should boil about three
hours before adding the last half of the asparagus.
Beef Broth.—Put two pounds of lean beef, one
pound of scrag of veal, one pound of scrag of mutton, sweet
herbs, and ten peppercorns, into a nice tin saucepan, with five
quarts of water; simmer to three quarts, and clear from the fat
when cold. Add one onion, if approved.
Soup and broth made of different meats are more supporting,
as well as better flavored.
To remove the fat, take it off, when cold, as clean as
possible; and if there be still any remaining, lay a bit of
clean blotting or cap paper on the broth when in the basin, and
it will take up every particle.
Beef Soup.—Cut all the lean off the shank, and
with a little beef suet in the bottom of the kettle, fry it to
a nice brown; put in the bones and cover with water; cover the
kettle closely; let it cook slowly until the meat drops from
the bones; strain through a colander and leave it in the dish
during the night, which is the only way to get off all the fat.
The day it is wanted for the table, fry as brown as possible a
carrot, an onion, and a very small turnip sliced thin. Just
before taking up, put in half a tablespoonful of sugar, a blade
of mace, six cloves, a dozen kernels of allspice, a small
tablespoonful of celery seed. With the vegetables this must
cook slowly in the soup an hour; then strain again for the
table. If you use vermicelli or pearl barley, soak in
Dr. Liebig's Beef Tea.—When one pound of lean
beef, free from fat, and separated from the bones, in a
finely-chopped state in which it is used for mince-meat, or
beef-sausages, is uniformly mixed with its own weight of cold
water, slowly heated till boiling, and the liquid, after
boiling briskly for a minute or two, is strained through the
towel from the coagulated albumen and the fibrine, now become
hard and horny, we obtain an equal weight of the most aromatic
soup, of such strength as cannot be obtained even by boiling
for hours from a piece of flesh. When mixed with salt and the
other additions by which soup is usually seasoned, and tinged
somewhat darker by means of roasted onions, or burnt bread, it
forms the very best soup which can, in any way, be prepared
from one pound of flesh.
Brown Gravy Soup.—Shred a small plate of
onions, put some dripping into a frying-pan and fry the onions
till they are of a dark brown; then, having about three pounds
of beef cut up in dice, without fat or bone, brown that in a
frying-pan. Now get a sauce-pan to contain about a gallon, and
put in the onions and meat, with a carrot and a turnip cut
small, and a little celery, if you have it; if not, add two
seeds of celery; put three quarts, or three and a half quarts
of water to this, and stir all together with a little pepper
and salt; simmer very slowly, and skim off what rises; in three
or four hours the soup will be clear. When served, add a little
vermicelli, which should have previously been boiled in water;
the liquid should be carefully poured off through a sieve. A
large quantity may be made in the same proportions. Of course,
the meat and onions must be stirred whilst frying, and
constantly turned; they should be of a fine brown, not black,
and celery-seed will give a flavor, it is so strong.
Carrot Soup.—Put some beef bones, with four
quarts of the liquor in which a leg of mutton or beef has been
boiled, two large onions, a
turnip, pepper and salt into a sauce-pan, and stew for three
hours. Have ready six large carrots, scraped and cut thin,
strain the soup on them, and stew them till soft enough to
pulp through a hair sieve or coarse cloth, then boil the
pulp with the soup, which is to be as thick as pea-soup. Use
two wooden spoons to rub the carrots through. Make the soup
the day before it is to be used. Add cayenne. Pulp only the
red part of the carrot, and not the yellow.
Clam Soup.—Cut salt pork in very small squares
and fry light brown; add one large or two small onions cut very
fine, and cook about ten minutes; add two quarts water and one
quart of raw potatoes, sliced; let it boil; then add one quart
of clams. Mix one tablespoonful of flour with water, put it
with one pint of milk, and pour into the soup, and let it boil
about five minutes. Butter, pepper, salt. Worcestershire sauce
—These are simply pieces of bread
fried brown and crisp, to be used in soups.
Game Soups.—Cut in pieces a partridge,
pheasant, or rabbit; add slices of veal, ham, onions, carrots,
etc. Add a little water, heat a little on slow fire, as gravy
is done; then add some good broth, boil the meat gently till it
is done. Strain, and stew in the liquor what herbs you
Game Soup.—In the season for game, it is easy
to have good game soup at very little expense, and very nice.
Take the meat from off the bones of any cold game left, pound
it in a mortar and break up the bones, and pour on them a quart
of any good broth, and boil for an hour and a half. Boil and
mash six turnips, and mix with the pounded meat, and then pass
them through a sieve. Strain the broth, and stir in the mixture
of meat and turnips which has been strained through the sieve;
keep the soup-pot near the fire, but do not let it boil. When
ready to dish the soup for table, beat the yolks of five eggs
very lightly, and mix with them half a pint of good cream. Set
the soup on to boil, and, as it boils, stir in the beaten eggs
and cream, but be careful that it does not boil after they are
stirred in, as the egg will curdle. Serve hot.
Julienne Soup.—Put a piece of butter the size
of an egg into the soup-kettle; stir until melted. Cut three
young onions small; fry them a nice brown; add three quarts of
good clear beef-stock, a little mace, pepper and salt; let it
boil an hour; add three young carrots and three turnips cut
small, a stalk of celery cut fine, a pint of French beans, a
pint of green peas; let this boil two hours; if not a bright,
clear color, add a spoonful of soy. This is a nice summer
Lobster Soup.—One large lobster or two small
ones; pick all the meat from the shell and chop fine; scald one
quart of milk and one pint of water, then add the lobster, one
pound of butter, a teaspoonful of flour, and salt and red
pepper to taste. Boil ten minutes and serve hot.
Mock Turtle Soup.—One soup-bone, one quart of
turtle beans, one large spoonful of powdered cloves, salt and
pepper. Soak the beans over night, put them on with the
soup-bone in nearly six quarts of water, and cook five or six
hours. When half done, add the cloves, salt and pepper; when
done, strain through a colander, pressing the pulp of the beans
through to make the soup the desired thickness, and serve with
a few slices of hard-boiled egg and lemon sliced very thin. The
turtle beans are black and can only be obtained from large
Oyster Soup.—Take one quart of water, one
teacup of butter, one pint of milk, two teaspoons of salt, four
crackers rolled fine, and one teaspoon of pepper; bring to full
boiling heat as soon as possible, then add one quart of
oysters; let the whole come to boiling heat quickly and remove
from the fire.
Oyster Soup.—Pour one quart of boiling water
into a skillet; then one quart of good rich milk; stir in one
teacup of rolled cracker crumbs; season with pepper and salt to
taste. When all come to boil, add one quart of good fresh
oysters; stir well, so as to keep from scorching; then add a
piece of good sweet butter about the size of an egg; let it
boil up once, then remove from the fire immediately; dish up
and send to table.
Ox Tail Soup.—Take two ox tails and two whole
onions, two carrots, a small turnip, two tablespoonfuls of
flour, and a little white pepper; add a gallon of water, let
all boil for two hours; then take out the tails and cut the
meat into small pieces, return the bones to the pot for a short
time, boil for another hour, then strain the soup, and rinse
two spoonfuls of arrow-root to add to it with the meat cut from
the bones, and let all boil for a quarter of an hour.
Scotch Broth.—Take one-half teacup barley, four
quarts cold water; bring this to the boil and skim; now put in
a neck of mutton and boil again for half an hour, skim well the
sides of the pot also; have ready two carrots, one large onion,
a small head of cabbage, one bunch parsley, one sprig of celery
top; chop all these fine, add your chopped vegetables, pepper
and salt to taste. This soup takes two hours to cook.
Soup and Bouille.—Stew a brisket of beef with
some turnips, celery, leeks and onions, all finely cut. Put the
pieces of beef into the pot first, then the roots, and half a
pint of beef gravy, with a few cloves. Simmer for an hour. Add
more beef gravy, and boil gently for half an hour.
Royal Soup.—Take a scrag or knuckle of veal,
slices of undressed gammon of bacon, onions, mace, and a small
quantity of water; simmer till very strong, and lower it with a
good beef broth made the day before, and stewed till the meat
is done to rags. Add cream, vermicelli, almonds and a roll.
Various Soups.—Good soups may be made from
fried meats, where the fat and gravy are added to the boiled
barley; and for that purpose, fat beef steaks, pork steaks,
mutton chops, etc. should be preferred, as containing more of
the nutritious principle. When nearly done frying, add a little
water, which will produce a gravy to be added to the barley
broth; a little wheat flour should be dredged in also; a
quantity of onions, cut small, should also be fried with the
fat, which gives the soup a fine flavor, assisted by seasoning,
Soups may be made from broiled meats. While the fat beef
steak is doing before the fire, or mutton chop, etc., save the
drippings on a dish, in which a little flour, oatmeal, with cut
onions, etc., are put.
Grand Consomme Soup.—Put into a pot two
knuckles of veal, a piece of a leg of beef, a fowl, or an old
cock, a rabbit, or two old partridges; add a ladleful of soup,
and stir it well; when it comes to a jelly, put in a sufficient
quantity of stock, and see that it is clear; let it boil,
skimming and refreshing it with water; season it as the above;
you may add, if you like, a clove of garlic; let it then boil
slowly or simmer four or five hours; put it through a towel,
and use it for mixing in sauces or clear soups.
Julienne Soup.—Take some carrots and turnips,
and turn them riband-like; a few heads of celery, some leeks
and onions, and cut them in lozenges, boil them till they are
cooked, then put them into clear gravy soup. Brown
thickening.—N.B. You may, in summer time, add green peas,
asparagus tops, French beans, some lettuce or
Soup and Soups.—It is not at all necessary to
keep a special fire for five hours every day in order to have
at dinner a first course of soup. Nor need a good, savory,
nutritious soup for a family of five cost more than 10 cents.
There is no use hurling any remarks about "swill-pails." Every
housekeeper who knows anything of her kitchen and dining-room
affairs, knows there are usually nice clean fragments of roasts
and broils left over, and that broth in which lamb, mutton,
beef, and fowls have been boiled is in existence, and that
twice a week or so there is a bowl of drippings from roasted
meats. All these when simmered with rice, macaroni, or
well-chosen vegetables, and judiciously seasoned, make good
soups, and can be had without a special fire, and without
sending to the butcher's for special meats. We name a few of
the soups we make, and beg leave to add that they are pretty
well received. We make them in small quantities, for nobody
with three additional courses before him wants to eat a
quart of soup, you know!
1.—One pint of good gravy, three cups boiling water, a
slice of turnip, and half an onion cut in small bits, two
grated crackers. Simmer half an hour.
2.—On ironing day cut off the narrow ends from two or
three sirloin steaks, chop them into morsels and put in a
stewpan with a little salt, a tablespoonful of rice and a pint
of cold water, and simmer slowly for three hours. Then add
water enough to make a quart of soup, a tablespoonful of tomato
catsup, and a little browned flour mixed with the yolk of an
3.—Pare and slice very thin four good sized potatoes,
pour over them two cups of boiling water, and simmer gently
until the potatoes are dissolved. Add salt, a lump of nice
butter, and a pint of sweet milk with a dust of pepper. Let it
boil up once, and serve. You wouldn't think it, but it is real
good, and children cry for it.
4.—One pint meat broth, one pint boiling water, slice
in an onion, or a parsnip, or half a turnip—or all three
if liked—boil until the vegetables are soft, add a little
salt if needed, and a tablespoonful of Halford sauce.
5.—Let green corn, in the time of green corn, be
grated, and to a pint of it put a pint of rich milk, a pint of
water, a little butter, salt and pepper. Boil gently for
fifteen or twenty minutes.
Split Pea Soup.—Take beef bones or any cold
meats, and two pounds of corned pork; pour on them a gallon of
hot water, and let them simmer three hours, removing all the
scum. Boil one quart of split peas two hours, having been
previously soaked, as they require much cooking: strain off the
meat and mash the peas into the soup; season with black pepper,
and let it simmer one hour; fry two or three slices of bread a
nice brown, cut into slices and put into the bottom of the
tureen, and on them pour the soup.
Tomato Soup.—Boil chicken or beef four hours;
then strain; add to the soup one can of tomatoes and boil one
hour. This will make four quarts of soup.
Tomato Soup without Meat.—One quart of
tomatoes, one quart of water, one quart of milk. Butter, salt
and pepper to taste. Cook the tomatoes thoroughly in the water,
have the milk scalding (over water to prevent scorching). When
the tomatoes are done add a large teaspoonful of salaratus,
which will cause a violent effervescence. It is best to set the
vessel in a pan before adding it to prevent waste. When the
commotion has ceased add the milk and seasoning. When it is
possible it is best to use more milk than water, and cream
instead of butter. The soup is eaten with crackers and is by
some preferred to oyster soup. This recipe is very valuable for
those who keep abstinence days.
Turkey Soup.—Take the turkey bones and cook for
one hour in water enough to cover them; then stir in a little
dressing and a beaten egg. Take from the fire, and when the
water has ceased boiling add a little butter with pepper and
Veal Gravy.—Put in the stewpan bits of lard,
then a few thin slices of ham, a few bits of butter, then
slices of fillet of veal, sliced onions, carrots, parsnips,
celery, a few cloves upon the meat, and two spoonfuls of broth;
set it on the fire till the veal throws out its juices; then
put it on a stronger fire till the meat catches to the bottom
of the pan, and is brought to a proper color; then add a
sufficient quantity of light broth, and simmer it upon a slow
fire till the meat is well done. A little thyme and mushrooms
may be added. Skim and sift it clear for use.
Veal Soup.—To a knuckle of veal of 6 pounds,
put 7 or 9 quarts of water; boil down one-half; skim it well.
This is better to do the day before you prepare the soup for
the table. Thicken it by rubbing flour, butter, and water
together. Season with salt and mace. When done
one pint new milk; let it just come to a boil; then pour
into a soup dish, lined with macaroni well cooked.
Vegetable Soup.—Pare and slice five or six
cucumbers; and add to these as many cos lettuces, a sprig or
two of mint, two or three onions, some pepper and salt, a pint
and a half of young peas and a little parsley. Put these, with
half a pound of fresh butter, into a saucepan, to stew in their
own liquor, near a gentle fire, half an hour, then pour two
quarts of boiling water to the vegetables, and stew them two
hours; rub down a little flour into a teacupful of water, boil
it with the rest twenty minutes, and serve it.
Vermicelli Soup.—Boil tender 1/2 lb. of
vermicelli in a quart of rich gravy; take half of it out, and
add to it more gravy; boil till the vermicelli can be pulped
through a sieve. To both put a pint of boiling cream, a little
salt, and 1/4 lb. of Parmesan cheese. Serve with rasped bread.
Add two or three eggs, if you like.
Brown Vermicelli Soup.—Is made in the same
manner, leaving out the eggs and cream, and adding one quart of
strong beef gravy.