Definition of Escureal
Escurial, a huge granite pile, built in the form of a gridiron, 30
m. NW. from Madrid, and deemed at one time the eighth wonder of the
world; was built in 1563-1584; was originally dedicated as a monastery to
St. Lorenzo in recognition of the services which the Saint had rendered
to Philip II. at the battle of St. Quentin, and used at length as a
palace and burial-place of kings. It is a mere shadow of what it was, and
is preserved from ruin by occasional grants of money to keep it in
Es*cu"ri*al (?), n. [Prop. Sp.
escorial, i. e., a hill or heap of rubbish, earth, and stones
brought out of a mine, fr. escoria dross of metal, L.
scoria, fr. Gr. &?;. Cf. Scoria.] A palace and
mausoleum of the kings of Spain, being a vast and wonderful structure
about twenty-five miles northwest of Madrid.
&fist; The ground plan is said to be in the form of a gridiron,
the structure being designed in honor of St. Lawrence, who suffered
martyrdom by being broiled on a gridiron; but the resemblance is very
slight. It is nearly square, inclosing several courts, and has a
projecting mass which stands for the handle.
- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
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